Shirley Booth & husband Bill Baker's Cat "China"

Shirley Booth &  husband Bill Baker's Cat "China"
"1943: Shirley Misses Bill." She looks at photo of husband's cat "China." Photo Courtesy Bill's niece, Catherine Campaigne. Copyright 2014 All Rights Reserved Jim Manago

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As of August 26, 2014, For Bill, His Pinup Girl: The Shirley Booth & Bill Baker Story by Jim Manago is no longer in print. Though the listing of the book might still appear online in some places, new copies are no longer being sold. There are still some new copies left. They are signed by the author for $50.00 postpaid (U.S.) if you send your name, address, and email address by clicking on message to this blogger.




Sunday, September 14, 2014

On Remembering Clayton Moore

ANNIVERSARY TODAY:

Clayton Moore was born on this day in 1914 (died December 28, 1999). He was best known for portraying The Lone Ranger on film and television.

*****

I had the wonderful pleasure of meeting Clayton Moore in person back in 1979 at The Biltmore Hotel in New York City. The late Paul Saryian ran a yearly convention - and that year he brought us The Lone Ranger. 

Clayton had been making news since he was barred from wearing his mask because of the new feature film that was in the works. That film starred Klinton Spilsbury portraying the masked man. The film was a disaster and it deservedly flopped. 

Clayton talked about the fact that he would fight in court to get his right to wear the mask again. Yes, he fought and won as he said he would!

He was a gracious man so happy to be surrounded by his loving fans - both young and old. He shook hands, did some rope tricks, talked about the days lunching with George Trendle (and later with Jack Wrather) and so on. The last day of his 3 days at that nostalgia convention provided a special surprise. We all got to sing "Happy Birthday" to him at a surprise party. Before leaving the convention, he gave out a single trademark - a silver bullet.

Fortunately, I had brought along my new Super 8 Sound camera. I managed to change film cartridges four or five times to film a total of 10 minutes of his conversation to his fans, singing happy birthday, and so on. I treasure that moment captured on film. Someday I hope to share that video with his many fans.

Clayton brought such a wonderful energy to those 1950's Lone Ranger shows. I enjoyed watching the reruns in the 1970's. What stayed with me more than anything is how this character always treated the Native Americans and women fairly and respectfully. He did not need to flaunt his toughness, or swagger a macho bravado as John Wayne and so many other actors. Clayton satisfied audiences by being the real thing - and living the way he believed the character lived. 

Clayton Moore is indeed gone - but he never will be forgotten as long as we can watch his films and television programs. Besides his Lone Ranger films and TV shows, we have his appearances in a number of serials (such as The Crimson Ghost, Perils of Nyoka, and so on). 

Indeed I am happy to have met one of my childhood heroes in the flesh during those two precious days of my life. I have the memory of thanking Clayton Moore for the countless pleasures and inspiration that his portrayal brought to my life. Indeed Clayton Moore was an extraordinary person, and I just wish he was still living today!


*****

 On THE LONE RANGER Flop:

When I first heard about Disney's $225 million dollar production of The Lone Ranger, I thought what a stupid waste of money!  Anyone that knows that character will agree with me that there was only one Lone Ranger - that's the very competent actor Clayton Moore.   His rendition will never be topped.  I AM NOT SURPRISED ONE BIT that the film is not expected to ever recover such a ridiculous sum of money!

Those original television shows are superb in every way.  They speak for fair and equal treatment of women and  Native Americans.  Despite some recent efforts to denigrate the Jay Silverheels rendition of Tonto, the latter was not a mere sidekick.  He was a true partner to his friend, The Lone Ranger. 

Though Clayton Moore is now gone, I am proud to have had the distinct pleasure of meeting him back when they tried to stop him from wearing his mask.  That was when they were preparing another movie flop,  The Legend of the Lone Ranger
  
Now will Disney and all the other media giants learn anything? I wish I was wrong here, but I doubt it!   At the very least, please if they would stop trying to cash in on a previous generation's creative achievements.  Stop trying to rework past achievements, and spend a little money on developing some new stories! 
*****

I treasure several minutes from Clayton Moore's appearance at Paul Saryian's New York Nostalgia Convention (1979).

I have Super 8mm sound footage I transferred to VHS from this event in 1979.  Moore spoke those immortal words of the Lone Ranger creed, discussed the fact that Jack Wrather disappointed and hurt him when he met him to tell him we don't want you making appearances anymore since the part was going to a younger actor for the new movie that was being made.  He discussed the court case which forced him to wear the sunglasses instead of his mask.  He did some rope tricks, and talked about leaving a silver bullet with someone wherever he made a personal appearance.  it concludes when everyone gathered sang "Happy Birthday, Lone Ranger".  It runs about 10 minutes. 

Without a doubt Clayton Moore was a powerful and inspiring individual.  I wish the young people of today could have that type of role model to look to.  I know he enriched my life immensely and I could never forget that Convention when I met and shook hands with my childhood hero...

*****

THANKS FOR VISITING!

JOIN ME AGAIN SOON!

*****
For Bill, His Pinup Girl: The Shirley Booth & Bill Baker Story
by Jim Manago
Foreword by Leslie Sodaro

Tuesday, September 2, 2014

On "September Song"


I must confess that I enjoy the music of the 1930's and 1940's much more than the rather lame music of the 1950's.   It seems that the earlier period offers  superior compositions that have never been surpassed!

A case in point is one of the best compositions of the entire 20th Century, "September Song."  Walter Huston originally introduced the song in the 1938 stage production, *Knickerbocker Holiday. It is Huston alone that brings an unforgettable sincerity and tenderness to the words. No one can sing it with such naturalness and feeling.   

The beautiful "September Song" was composed by Kurt Weill (March 2, 1900 - April 3, 1950), with the thought-provoking lyrics written by Maxwell Anderson (December 15, 1888 - February 28, 1959). The lyrics make so much more sense to older listeners, understanding the brevity of life and the sober truth of our inescapable mortality. I particularly like the line that goes: "And the Autumn weather turns the leaves to flame..." 

Yesterday I listened once again to over two dozen (of the many) versions of this song. I still say Huston's original version is the best ever! What he lacks in a perfect voice or the power of a professional singer, he surely makes up by evoking a poignant sadness and sincerity that is truly memorable. No one else has been able to do that in the seventy-five years since that recording in 1938.


You will know the original version since it has a line about losing a tooth. As the story goes (at least according to Joe Franklin), Walter Huston was at the dentist earlier in the day when he recorded this song. He changed the lyric line to: "I lost one tooth and I walk a little lame," instead of singing the actual lyric line: "And the autumn weather, Turns the leaves to flame (or gray)."


After playing the song on one of his Saturday night radio broadcasts back in the early 1990's, this is how Franklin explained it:

Joe Franklin on WOR Radio (circa 1990's): "These Precious Days I Spend with You," and I do mean you!!  Joe Franklin putting on the hits… Precious memories on WOR 'til 5'o'clock in the morning. 

I gotta tell you that line, near the beginning of that record, that line about I have lost one tooth was not part of the original lyric when he sang it in Knickerbocker Holiday, but it actually - it actually-factually - happened that Mr. Huston went to his dentist on the day that he made the phonograph record.  So it was kind of a private or inside, not a joke, but a private remark about losing his tooth or about teeth and it was a remark that was etched into the wax - into recorded immortality…Something that happened that day and it lives on!"
 
There is another take of Huston singing this song, but it's slightly different in intonation from the familiar one. You can hear it in the 1950 film September Affair, with Joan Fontaine & Joseph Cotten. 

*Although the story was modified substantially, you may still want to hear the radio version of Knickerbocker Holiday with Huston singing the song two times.  Click on the show title at: http://archive.org/details/TheaterGuildontheAir

Variations of the lyrics are found in many of the various recordings done. Besides several minor word switches (like "but" for "and," etc.) Huston re-recorded the song with such changes as "vintage years" for "golden (& precious) years."


 "September Song" Has Stood The Test Of Time!

*****

 THANKS FOR VISITING!

JOIN ME AGAIN SOON!

*****
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
For Bill, His Pinup Girl: The Shirley Booth & Bill Baker Story
by Jim Manago

Foreword by Leslie Sodaro

Published December 1, 2010

Friday, August 29, 2014

On Ingrid Bergman -She's INIMITABLE!

ANNIVERSARY TODAY:

Actress Ingrid Bergman was born and died on this day (August 29, 1915 – August 29, 1982)

*****

Legendary actress Ingrid Bergman offered us so many memorable films, including Gaslight (1944) - for which she won an Oscar for Best Actress, Spellbound (1945), The Bells of St. Mary's (1945), Notorious (1946), Joan of Arc (1948), Stromboli (1950), Anastasia (1956), Autumn Sonata (1978) and so on.

Last year I got to see her in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1941), Saratoga Trunk (1945), and The Inn of the Sixth Happiness (1958). Clearly Ingrid Bergman has the ability to charm you. She simply shines time and again - undoubtedly she is among the best actresses of all time.

I remember her television appearance at the AFI Lifetime Achievement Awards wherein she briefly recreated the scene with piano player Sam from Casablanca. Unfortunately she succumbed to cancer at the age of 67. The television production A Woman Called Golda concluded her acting career.

As with Rosalind Russell, Barbara Stanwyck, and several other luminaries, I would have loved to meet her. Nonetheless, Ingrid Bergman will always be with us in spirit through her many productions.

As a tribute to her, I selected one of my favorite films that she starred in. I found in my archives, my defense of Spellbound (1945), published forty years after the film was made in 1985. What I said then holds true today, now sixty-seven years later since the film's premiere...

This article originally appeared in Classic Images, No. 112 (April 1985). Spellbound has been denigrated as not being a "true" Hitchcock film when comparing it to the typical Hitchcock scenario. Nevertheless, I liked it enough to write this. The extraordinary Ingrid Bergman shines in this complex plot involving psychoanalytic theory.

A response (2 issues later) from one of the paper's readers follows.

In Defense Of Hitchcock's Spellbound
by Jim Manago

Spellbound has been downgraded for many reasons. Some anti-Hitchcockians (those critical of Hitch) will say the director's shift to a film about psychoanalysis, which seems so un-Hitchcockian on the basis of previous films proves he is less of an artist for it shows the lack of a unified philosophy.

Also, the presence of audience manipulation via the larger-than-life trick gun shows this wise showmanship ability of maintaining his audience's attention - which a true artist would not be concerned with. I believe these are unfair charges.

Those critics that revere Hitchcock but exclude Spellbound as one of his triumphs usually charge the film with oversimplifying psychoanalysis. This and the pedagogic/didactic quality of the dialogue are what I consider the only fair accusations of any real substance. Yet I believe these accusations could be disregarded given Hitchcock's beautiful direction and careful development of the narrative via well-chosen visual effects.

Grossing around 8 million dollars by 1949, with only a one-and-half million dollar cost, Spellbound was a huge commercial triumph for Hitchcock. Yet he underestimated the film by calling it "just another manhunt story wrapped up in pseudo-psychoanalysis." He added surprisingly: "The whole thing's too complicated, and I found the explanation toward the end very confusing." To the contrary, I perceive the film as very logical and understandable. Unfortunately though for psychoanalysts, Spellbound tends to reduce psychoanalysis to simply detective work.

As the second of three films Hitchcock did for David O. Selznick (besides Rebecca and The Paradine Case) Spellbound bears no resemblance to it's inspiration, Francis Beeding's novel "The House of Dr. Edwardes." However, the novel did suggest the setting in a psychiatric hospital and the notion of the hospital director being mad. Ben Hecht wrote the screenplay because, as Hitchcock put it, he was "keen on psychoanalysis." Surrealist artist Salvador Dali was chosen to give the famous dream sequence what Hitchcock felt real dreams involve, namely the quality of "architectural sharpness," though have said Dali was invited to assist only for publicity reasons. Hitchcock had to compromise on the filming of the dream sequence: he preferred doing it outdoors for the added sharpness but Selznick objected to this on the grounds of the added expense such a practice would incur.

Spellbound is basically a study of the process involved in solving the amnesiac's (Gregory Peck) guilt complex which cause him to assume the identity of a murdered Dr. Edwardes, the new hospital director. The ski trip Dr. Petersen (Ingrid Bergman) takes the amnesiac on helps to evoke a catharsis that reveals the origin of the guilt complex. The amnesiac assumed the role of Dr. Edwardes because witnessing the death at a ski resort (where there is snow and parallel lines created by the skis) reminded him of the accidental death of his brother in his childhood (caused by Peck's sliding him into a spiked fence). The previous guilt complex re-emerged and caused the amnesia when the Edwardes' murder occured. Later Dr. Petersen is able to piece together the meaning of the amnesiac's dream, thus discovering who murdered Dr. Edwardes with the help of a Freudian slip by Dr. Murchison. Undoubtedly this may sound confusing or undramatic when explained. Nonetheless, Spellbound is an engaging film to me despite what any critic has said.

Dr. Petersen is a woman of reason who becomes more emotionally mature when she stops repressing [her true self] with academic manners and attitudes. Her abnormal and almost absurd concern or belief in the innocence of the amnesiac when the latter believes he's guilty shows her new-found willingness to open up in her personality other avenues of knowledge. Reason is balanced by feeling.

Michael Chekhov as the old doctor, who is friend and previous instructor of Dr. Petersen, gives a marvelous performance full of humorous moments based on his somewhat eccentric behavior. He plays out perfectly the old adage that 'genius borders on insanity.' Ingrid Bergman's acting presence in Spellbound needs no explanation - she's inimitable. Gregory Peck most effectively portrays the bewilderment and fear of an amnesiac. Though not as sympathetic as other 'Hitchcock villains' Leo G. Carroll as Dr. Murchison gives us no real hint of his criminality.

Hitchcock was a master at integrating those visual tricks, techniques, or pieces of business (whatever you might call them) into the narrative which one will remember long after the film. Some of these effects include: the gun fired at the audience with a flash of color, the kissing scene between Bergman and Peck where doors are shown opening indicating the opening-up of Bergman's cold academic personality to the warm feelings of love, the recurring sharp radiant objects (a letter opener, razor, spiked fence, scissors in the dream sequence), the surrealistic dream sequence, the parallel lines motif in it's many manifestations (fork trails in a tablecloth, lines in a robe, train tracks, bedspread with lines, sled tracks, etc.) the color white motif in it's many manifestations (snow, light, a sink, chair, shaving soap, etc.), the camera's emphasis on the eyeglasses which when removed by Dr. Petersen indicates her experience of removing that cold intellectual facade to reveal another creature more human underneath.

Such 'Hitchcock touches' are not devices existing for their own sake like those anti-Hitchcockian critics contend. Instead these visual effects form the narrative and Hitchcock's unique perception of the way narrative must be advanced visually. They do not serve the function of being excess baggage, but are integral cinematic features of Spellbound.

Two other aspects of Spellbound that I particularly enjoyed are the music and the likening of psychiatric work to detective work. For a change, the score is not obtrusive or cloying as in earlier Hitchcock films. The composer, Miklos Rozsa, won an Academy Award for Best Scoring of a Dramatic Picture. The theremin, an oscillating instrument, was effectively played every time Peck experienced the psychotic state of confusion and anxiety. As for the overlapping of psychiatric and detective work: the house detective for the Empire State Hotel acts like a psychologist (and even admits his work requires it), Dr. Petersen acts like a detective in piecing together the various clues of the Dr. Edwardes' mystery.

Film scholar Andrew Sarris has recognized the problem with Hitchcock criticism, and his remark seems particularly applicable to Hitchcock's film Spellbound: "Certainly Hitchcock's reputation has suffered from the fact that he has given audiences more pleasure than is permissible for serious cinema. No one who is so entertaining could possibly seem profound to the intellectual puritans." Although some watching Spellbound may be disappointed for the fact that it's a less typical Hitchcock film. But consider its merit of being one the first American films to acquaint us with psychoanalysis besides serving as proof of Hitchcock's versatility.

NOTE: This article is an excerpt from the author's film notes to Spellbound, previously published for The St. John's Picture Show, St. John's University, Jamaica, NY (February, 1984).

*****

In response to my defense, there was an interesting letter from a reader two issues later (Classic Images, No. 120, June 1985). Here's that letter published originally in the "from the mailbag" column:

Spellbinding Ingrid


Jim Manago's "In Defense of Hitchcock's Spellbound" in the April 1985 Classic Images is the best analysis ever written of that engrossing film. His observations are astute, but not pedantic, which is a common fault that the critics of today exhibit frequently. His interpretation of the opening doors, which were enhanced immeasurably by Rozsa's romantic music and the meaning behind Ingrid's removing her eyeglasses, ring true. One might say that only when she took them off was she able to actually see.
Mr. Manago states that one aspect that he enjoyed was the likening of psychiatric and detective work. There is the strategic clue to appreciating this film. Ingrid Bergman portrays Mrs. Holmes, not Dr. Peterson.

She has to resolve two quandaries. First, what made Peck ill? The solution is brilliantly realized by Hitch and Ingrid in the scene when she glances questioningly out the window at the falling snow and murmurs knowingly: "Snow...snow." The look of discovery on Bergman's face is exquisite emoting. The other dilemma for her to probe is how to find the killer of Dr. Edwardes. She is assisted by a slip of the tongue. It is the scene immediately after this that is so compelling, depicting Ms.Bergman in her room alone as she incessantly hears the tell-tale words: "I only met him once."

Other fine moments linger in the mind, such as Bergman's artful acting in the final confrontation with her adversary when she accuses him of the crime. yet, the highlight occurs when Ingrid and Peck frolic during the country stroll. They reach a hilltop, and she says breathlessly: "Oh, isn't this lovely?" Peck, with his eyes fastened on her lustrous face replies: "Perfect!"

Then Peck asks her if she wants a ham or liverwurst sandwich. Ingrid, overwhelmed by the far-reaching prospect, sums up in one word as she inimitably could (remember her saying, "Delicieuse!" in Saratoga Trunk), how she feels about the incredible view, by declaring ecstatically: "Liverwurst!"

John J. Croft
*****

THANKS FOR VISITING!


JOIN ME AGAIN SOON!

*****
For purchasing any of my books, you can visit Amazon.com
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which offers the best prices on new & used copies.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
For Bill, His Pinup Girl: The Shirley Booth & Bill Baker Story
by Jim Manago

Foreword by Leslie Sodaro

Signed Copies Available for $40.00pp

Friday, August 22, 2014

On Memories of Wildwood...

It is with summer that thoughts and memories surface of going to amusement parks and beaches. It seems nowadays looking at stills of Shirley Booth's Broadway hit By the Beautiful Sea (April 8, 1954 - November 27, 1954) reminds me most of those bygone days in the sand and the sea of my childhood. 

Shirley's show depicted turn-of-the century Coney Island in the early 1900's. It included the excitement of Steeplechase Park's Tunnel of Love, the Old Mill boat ride, the Midway, and balloon parachuting.  It celebrated all things summer including the beach and the amusement park. 

As the month of August comes to an end, I yearn for some of my own bygone days.

I remember many happy summers in the 1970's vacationing with my family in Wildwood, New Jersey. Back then there was the huge King Kong ride towering over the pier (it fell apart when it was being moved in 1980). Also, Wildwood had the cleanest beaches I had ever seen. Most importantly, there were some truly wonderful people - all gone now, but not forgotten.

There was the Sand Dollar Motel on Surf & 9th Avenues owned then by the late Carl Curcio - a truly remarkable motel owner and family friend. On Friday nights he would set up the 16mm sound projector next to the outdoor pool and show some intriguing travel documentaries that were loaned to him. He always had that happiness and smile whatever he happened to be doing (from cleaning the pool to greeting and chatting with his guests). During the winter months he worked with my father as a coin/stamp salesman/concessionaire at the Abraham & Strauss Stores in New York.

There was the miniature golf park around the corner, along with the rental of tricycles and bicycles by the arcade concession managed by a rather plump Mrs. Botto! I remember it was a time when having some extra body fat wasn't politically incorrect or something to worry about or despise...She was a lady who participated in the fun of the visitors to the town. She lived life to the fullest and people seemed to easily catch her energy!

I have many Super 8 silent films I took of Wildwood, including Mrs. Botto riding and almost falling off the tricycle as she turned the corners of the block. These are truly funny segments of real people living in the moment. Sometimes I wonder whatever happened to her and so many others after I left there. They are probably all dead now. Nevertheless, those people to this day (some 40 years later) have provided me with so many wonderful memories!!!

My films of The Sand Dollar Motel, and the surrounding sites (including the huge King Kong pier ride) are most valuable since so much of North Wildwood has been razed in the last ten years....

 I would conclude my home movies that I shot and edited of those trips with a song. The thirty to forty-minute Super 8mm films would end with scenes of getting ready to leave, such as family members carrying luggage to the car and saying goodbye in front of the resort, driving away, passing through what was then called "Shantytown," back over the Verrazano Bridge, etc. 

The song that I played to these final minutes of my home movies was Bobby Vinton's 1972 rendition of the song, "Sealed with A Kiss." I know I wore out more than several 45rpm's of this recording back then.  The precocious kid in me was even given the name of "Mr. MGM" by the Sand Dollar motel owner Carl Curcio for my creativity and intense effort I put into these home movies.

But anyone who saw them knew that the finale's memorable song by Vinton gave my film productions a poignant conclusion.  His song has become a beautiful and inseparable part of the fabric of my life.

I offer singer Bobby Vinton (born April 16, 1935) a very special "Thanks!"  Although his version of "Sealed with A Kiss" is at least the third rendition recorded of this beautiful 1960 song by Peter Udell and Gary Geld - it is arguably THE BEST! The lyrics are bittersweet (including the lines "I don't wanna say goodbye for the summer - knowing the love we'll miss..." and "But I'll fill the emptiness - I'll send you all my love in a letter").

Vinton's superb and lush vocals in  "Sealed with A Kiss" are complemented by a fine orchestration and some very distinctive drumming. There’s an unforgettable sadness captured by that song that rings so true!  It's one of the best from that era.

Interestingly, I discovered one of the early versions of this song was done by Brian Hyland (best known for recording "Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polka Dot Bikini" ....). Hyland was born a short distance from where I lived in Richmond Hill, New York from 1967 to 2000...Hyland was born a mile away in the adjoining community of Woodhaven where most of the good stores were along Jamaica Avenue.


As I sadly learned, the wrecking ball has wiped the Sand Dollar motel from the map...But my memories of Wildwood live on...


Thursday, August 14, 2014

On Shirley Booth Expressing Real Emotion In "The Gals They Left Behind"

In regard to yesterday's discussion of the radio production "The Gals They Left Behind,"' (Cavalcade of America: 08.14.44), the show's finale has an emotionally pent-up Shirley Booth as character Jo speaking her love letter to her Bill who is away at war.

Interestingly, few know that reality crossed over here as the real Shirley Booth was expressing her own love for her husband Bill Baker who was off to war in France fighting the Nazis! It is so full of real emotion that it goes beyond acting.


Check Shirley's delivery for about a minute from 25:30. Go To: http://ia700509.us.archive.org/16/items/OTRR_Cavalcade_of_America_Singles/CALV_440814_396_The_Gals_They_Left_Behind.mp3

Listen to this wonderful actress close the show with: 

"So my Bill, here we'll stay. And we'll keep poking at the fire, and hoeing the garden and writing letters, common ordinary stuff. It's nothing to shout about. But when the bells ring, all the whistles blow, and your ship comes steaming up the harbor. Soon my darling, it will be Soon! We'll be there in a gay and handsome bonnet. Our arms wide open. And then I'll, I'll take you back to Hosstrough for a swing in the hammock.  And I'll feed you a bowl of raspberries yellow with Rosie's golden cream. And you'll think what a lucky girl I've been all along. And oh darling, you'll be right. I love you Bill, Jo."

For my tribute to Shirley Booth's real marriage to Bill, see my book For Bill, His Pinup Girl: The Shirley Booth & Bill Baker Story.

Wednesday, August 13, 2014

On The Gals They Left Behind...70 Years Ago TODAY!

This post comes with some changes and a new look to this blogsite, now entitled Shirley Booth & More.

"The Gals They Left Behind, August 14, 1944"

Before Hazel, Shirley Booth was heard on numerous radio shows.  Seventy years ago today, back in 1944, Shirley was in a program based upon a topical  book, "The Gals They Left Behind."  The publisher was Ives Washburn, Inc. The story has apparently not been renewed for copyright protection so it appears up on The Internet Archive for free viewing or download.  

The original story is by Margaret Shea with illustrations by Bek Files, and it runs around 130 pages. The entire book is written in a diary fashion and makes for an easy read. The book was released at the same time as the radio show production. The two main characters express their day-to-day experiences in letters to their men fighting overseas in World War II. It's a quite intriguing little gem of a play, which I recommend reading.

The story tells of the struggles of two soldiers' wives, Jo Sullivan and Taffy Smith, who move from New York City to a Maine farmhouse inherited from Aunt Het. Along with the young Daphne (named Eloise in the radio version), these two lonely women learn how to cope with raising chickens, how to milk a cow, grow vegetables, among the myriad of skills that farm life entails.

The radio show developed from this story reworks the material and uses the information conveyed in the letters to tell the narrative and occasionally relies on the story's letter device ("Dear Bill").

In the radio production, Shirley Booth plays Jo Sullivan, and co-star Helen Clare plays Taffy Smith. Shirley's Jo tellingly says how she's quite lonely for her husband Corporal Bill. So too, Taffy is hysterically missing her Hank. If you listen to this radio adaptation (which is unfortunately a small portion of the story), then you will hear Shirley Booth's fine performance in conveying this character. I read the book and I can say that Shirley literally brings Jo Sullivan to life. She beautifully conveys the heart-felt tears of character Jo by the timbre and crack of her voice at the conclusion of the radio show. The wonderful sincerity and conviction is revealed throughout by Shirley's distinct voice in this radio production.

The story is simply about the Home Front during World War II. As the radio announcer summarized the story about two soldiers' wives: "It might well be called an army of occupation. They are truly occupied..with waiting, working, praying for their sons and husbands."

The calm and efficient New Englander Jo Sullivan seems to always be the stronger one in this harsh setting. Jo (Booth) seems to lean more towards a masculine gender expression in her ability and desire to do the tedious tasks of the farm and stand firm like a man. Finicky and fussy Taffy Smith is from the South and is clearly more expressing a feminine gender and stereotypically prone to emotional breakdowns.

When the Jo and Taffy spend their first night in the lumpy mattress, there's a precious moment in which a genuine attempt at some sort of closeness or bonding occurs. Taffy (played well by Helen Clare) says quite sweetly and child-like in her loneliness: "Jo....Jo, would you....would you mind if we held hands, I know it sounds childish?" 

Apparently the women read books on the subject before arriving. They take on the task of watching several children besides caring for the animals. But the local farmer calls some of their successes just "plain luck."

The harsh 30 and 40-degree below zero cold takes it's toll on them, particularly on Taffy. There's the cows staying in the parlor, hens under Taffy's bed, frozen well-water, etc. On the verge of a complete breakdown Taffy at one point wants to leave this rugged farm world and head back to Atlanta, Georgia...The gals' luck in seeing this thing through has run out....

Taffy says she's very sick of this. Jo calls it a "bad case of cracked morale..But it's not a fatal disease..."

"You like to see people miserable," says Taffy. 

Jo's January 16th letter to Bill explains her understanding of the complaining, scared, and stressed-out Taffy:

The world is full of Taffys, the ones who won't pay the asking price, the ones who want a band playing while they work. The novelty is gone from kerosene lamps. The novelty of playing the heroine has departed. Let her go. To the magnolia blossoms and her mother's bosom. A new world toughened by hardship and sorrow is coming up that will have no place for hothouse plants like her.

I'm all alone now. The kids are asleep. The hens too. Glum has the cow and calf, but I'll get them back when it warms up. Outside may be treacherous or friendly by morning. I don't care, for I'm here to stay. 

Yours, fairly forlorn,
Jo

Though the book covers a year on the farm starting and ending in April, the radio show wraps things up at this point (from the January 16th letter) with plans of painting the farmhouse in the spring...

"The Gals They Left Behind" is truly a fine salute to those lonely women who manage to survive their men's absence during the truly horrible wartime of 1944. It captures the essence of their troubled existence quite well! 

My only regret is that Shirley Booth did not perform the entire story, but did just this truncated version of 30 minutes length on radio. Nevertheless. "The Gals They Left Behind" certainly deserves a listen by all those who love Shirley Booth.  For Shirley Booth at her radio best (Cavalcade of America, 08/14/44, episode #396), go to the Internet Archive: http://ia700509.us.archive.org/16/items/OTRR_Cavalcade_of_America_Singles/CALV_440814_396_The_Gals_They_Left_Behind.mp3

Shirley Booth made a total of four appearances on The Cavalcade of America radio show. There's "Check Your Heart at Home," broadcast on December 13, 1943, "The Woman on Lime Rock," broadcast on January 6, 1947 (with Les Tremayne), and "The Man Who Took the Freedom Train," from April 1 2, 1948 (with Eddie Albert).

***** 

For Bill, His Pinup Girl: The Shirley Booth & Bill Baker Story
by Jim Manago

Foreword by Leslie Sodaro



Monday, July 28, 2014

On Some Favorite Films...


For your summer viewing I offer you a partial list of some of my favorite classic films from the thousands I have seen over the years...

Ace in the Hole
Billy Wilder's tale targets the greed of newspaper reporters and the media that sometimes “create” the circuses around stories.

The African Queen

The unlikeliest couple of Bogart and Hepburn meet in this offbeat but very enjoyable tale.

And Soon the DarknessThis well-made thriller is set in the beautiful French countryside with two young girls bicycling. However, the story quickly manages to chillingly show the darkness, menace, and treachery that could come to anyone in the broad-daylight.  Indeed, no one can be trusted.


Angels With Dirty Faces
James Cagney is at his best here with great support from Pat O'Brien and the Dead End Kids. The story flows so smoothly and it ends in an unforgettable manner - still gives me chills every time I see it. If I had time to watch only one Cagney film I'd choose this brilliant classic!

The Birds
This is Alfred Hitchcock’s mesmerizing tale of seeming Armageddon.


The Black Cat 
5 Stars out of 5, Top Ten Favorite  
This 1934 classic, directed by Edgar G. Ulmer and starring Boris Karloff/Bela Lugosi, is still disturbing 80 years after it was made. The fluid camerawork and lighting contribute much and make this a top notch tale.

The Bride of Frankenstein
 5 Stars out of 5, Top Ten Favorite 

 This film resonates beauty with its flawless art direction, cinematography, lighting, acting, script and musical score as well as the whole inversion of Christian iconography. In effect, the Frankenstein Monster rises from the dead only then to be crucified, etc. See my blog post on this title.

The Bridge of San Luis Rey

I love this Thornton Wilder story although each time it has been filmed – the productions are flawed. Latest version in 2004 has its share of problems, but it has the talented Kathy Bates. Enjoyed 1944 version with Nazimova, despite story changes.

 

Bringing Up Baby
 No one can do more with less than Cary Grant.  He's funny and charming in everything he does. This is the quintessential screwball comedy, directed by Howard Hawks and co-starring Katharine Hepburn.

 Brother Orchid
Edward G. Robinson & Humphrey Bogart in this enjoyable spoof of Warner Brothers' gangster films. Here Robinson joins a monastery to hide out and then comes to realize the true meaning of life.

 

Casablanca
Stellar cast, excellent writing, superb score, and the fine visuals captures so much of that anxiety-ridden era of occupied France and Morocco in World War II by wrapping a love story around the issue of isolationism and resistance fighting.

 

Christmas in Connecticut
 5 Stars out of 5, Top Ten Favorite 
Superb acting and witty dialogue combine in this farce about how the Christmas spirit and deception don’t blend very well!  This film best gives us the flavor of 1940’s Christmas - at least the way filmmakers saw America at  the time.  In short, I just love the whole production from start to finish!

Citizen Kane

This Orson Welles’ masterpiece stands the test of time.

 
City Lights

 5 Stars out of 5, Top Ten Favorite 
Charlie Chaplin shines with pathos and comedy - perhaps his best of all time…..Unforgettable ending - a must-see film.

City of the Dead
(aka Horror Hotel)

Sinister atmosphere created by some brilliant black & white cinematography, set design and acting make this an unforgettable horror film. See my blog post on this film.

 
Come Back, Little Sheba

Shirley’s Booth’s amazing acting skill is on display here in her first film for which she received a deserved best actress Oscar.


Dark Victory
Bette Davis, George Brent and Geraldine Fitzgerald move this tearjerker to a higher level and make it one of the best films to ever deal with dying.  Max Steiner's score is superb, especially love the "Resignation" theme.

Double Indemnity
 5 Stars out of 5, Top Ten Favorite 
 Memorable Billy Wilder  film noir with Barbara Stanwyck, Fred MacMurray, and Edward G. Robinson at their best! You must see this intriguing gem!

  Forbidden Planet
The talents of Leslie Nielsen, Walter Pidgeon, Anne Francis, and Robby the Robot all make this science fiction film work. It’s an ever-so fascinating and superb story of a vastly superior civilization (“the Krell”) and the reason for their demise.

The Great Dictator

Charles Chaplin's spoof of Hitler stands the test of time!

The House of Haunted Hill

Vincent Price pulled out all the stops with this William Castle entry. 
He seems to be enjoying every second playing the host of this haunted house.

The Incredible Shrinking Man

 5 Stars out of 5, Top Ten Favorite  
Some amazing special effects and the last five-minute soliloquy about the meaning of life makes this one a true gem.

It’s A Wonderful Life

This optimistic slice-of-life reminds one the meaningfulness of living despite the many trials and tribulations that it entails.


Larceny Inc.

This is an amazingly funny spoof of Warner Brothers’ gangster films with Edward G. Robinson in top film, along with a host of fine support from Jane Wyman, Broderick Crawford, Jack Carson, Anthony Quinn and Edward Brophy. This 1940 film is one of Anthony Quinn's earliest roles.
Here a group of ex-cons (Edward G. Robinson, Broderick Crawford & Edward Brophy) purchase a luggage store with the intent to tunnel under the store into the next-door bank. They hit water and oil pipes while business upstairs booms quite annoyingly. They eventually abandon their heist plans at mid-point when they realize their future is best served by staying honest.

But in walks their old pal Leo Dexter (Quinn), who broke out of jail to set his pals right. Leo forces them to finish the break-in because he needs some dough. Quinn delivers a memorable line: "You guys couldn't steal a towel out of a hotel without my help!"

The actors played it really straight and serious. There’s a very young Jackie Gleason mugging it up as a soda jerk. The film has a wonderful Christmas scene of Robinson outrageously dressed as Santa Claus, smoking a cigar, and being a lookout on Christmas Eve while tunneling continues underneath the bank.

Laura
One of my favorites directed by Otto Preminger has superb cast (including beautiful Gene Tierney and a young Vincent Price before his horror films), compelling story by Vera Caspary, good score by David Raksin, and Academy
Award-winning black & white cinematography by Johnny LaShelle. 
 
Little Giant
One of the only two films in which Abbott & Costello play not as a team....need I say more?


The Lost Weekend

 5 Stars out of 5, Top Ten Favorite  
Billy Wilder's essay on alcoholism with Ray Milland in top form!  I just love his masterful portrayal of alcoholic writer Don Birnam. Actress Jane Wyman  (1/5/17 - 9/10/07) offered a very good performance as Birnam's girlfriend Helen St. James.  Another excellent film with Milland in it is the 1962 apocalyptic Panic in the Year Zero. It's a quite disturbing but effective film directed by Milland himself.

Make Way for Tomorrow
There's a genuine sincerity that evidences itself in Leo McCarey's films - a result of his improvisational script method which draws the best from his actors. Victor Moore and Beulah Bondi are superb, with an uncompromising finale, in this story that deals with aging so beautifully and truthfully - despite the tears it will release. 

March of the Wooden Soldiers
Laurel & Hardy show up in this take-off of Victor Herbert's operetta "Babes in Toyland."  A film that gets better each passing year. See my blog post on this title.

Mighty Joe Young
The 1949 film Mighty Joe Young would always be a late afternoon movie in New York on Thanksgiving Day. King Kong from 1933 always seemed to get all the attention.  Mighty Joe Young was seen as an unnecessary tale of the gorilla Joe Young using the same creators (director Ernest B. Schoedsack and producer Merian C. Cooper, with the addition of John Ford as executive producer). However, the more detailed movements of the lovable Mighty Joe Young lend a credibility and sympathy to the character.  This is thanks to Ray Harryhausen's superb stop-motion animation. In some ways this makes the film substantially better than King Kong.

Mildred Pierce
 5 Stars out of 5, Top Ten Favorite 
Joan Crawford, Zachary Scott, Jack Carson & Ann Blyth really deliver in this film noir about a dysfunctional family and the American dream! Worth repeatedly viewings!

I just viewed it again (for probably the fiftieth time over my life). Joan Crawford received the Best Actress Oscar for this one. The whole production is superb, from the James M. Cain novel, the perfect casting of Ann Blyth, Zachary Scott, Jack Carson, Eve Arden, and others; a fine Max Steiner score, solid direction by Michael Curtiz, and all of the other great Warner Brothers production values...it is one of the few films that can be seen repeatedly and still be so fascinating and memorable! This film masterpiece also serves as a good warning to over-indulgent parents that try to satisfy all of their children's material desires.

Just love so many scenes... one that is played well is when Mildred (Crawford) tears up the ill-gotten $10,000 check from her daughter Veda (Blyth). The latter was nominated for Best Supporting Actress - but she should have won!

I saw a part of the "Mildred Pierce" miniseries from 2011...I didn't like it at all, especially troubling is its absolute slavery to Cain's novel. The 1945 version improved upon Cain's original by putting in the film noir crime elements, etc. Plus, the casting of Crawford and Blyth is near perfect and they bring real life to the script. Their timing is impeccable!

If you could see only one film in celebration of Joan Crawford's fine career as an actress, then please see Mildred Pierce!


Mississippi

Though disturbingly replete with plenty of myths related to the Old South that Hollywood liked to perpetuate (the admirable Southern aristocracy, the pretty ladies and the genteel manners, the happy slaves, and so on), it's still a worth watching for its superb score by Rodgers & Hart, beautiful cinematography and a great cast.  See my review.

Modern Times
It's Charlie Chaplin's amusing take on the abuses of technology (and capitalism).....Paulette Goddard is superb. The final scene is unforgettable!


Now, Voyager
 5 Stars out of 5, Top Ten Favorite 
This is a beautiful and endearing story brought faithfully to life on the screen. Olive Higgins Prouty (January 10, 1882 – March 24, 1974)  is best known for writing this storyIn 1942, the story received an excellent Hollywood movie adaptation by Warner Brothers.  It's probably among the top ten best love story pictures ever made!  

I know my mother could never get tired of watching this gem.  For years, it seemed to be the one and only movie she asked me replay on video every other month.  Each time I would play Now, Voyager for her, I would also watch it.  Indeed, every time I watched it, I would find another layer of meaning or something that would fascinate me about it.

The story is about a repressed Boston woman named Charlotte Vale (Bette Davis) who suffers from the poisoning effects of a domineering mother played to perfection by British actress Gladys Cooper.  Eventually, through the assistance of an understanding therapist Jr. Jaquith (Claude Rains), Charlotte finds love at first, and ultimately the peace that empowerment and self-assurance brings.  In addition, a married man named Jerry Duvaux Durrance (Paul Henried) plays a part in her recovery.

Bette Davis is compelling and fascinating in playing this part.  Davis' success as an actress came from staying in movies with her superb talent, just as Shirley Booth successfully stayed on the stage and avoided the movies as much as she could.  Both Davis and Booth excelled at what they did, and were definitely among the 20th century's finest actresses. Along with Shirley Booth, Bette Davis is among my favorite actresses of all time.

Besides the fine acting from a stellar cast of Bette Davis, Paul Henried (January 10, 1908 – March 29, 1992) Claude Rains, and Gladys Cooper, there's Max Steiner's beautiful score which rightly won the Academy Award that year.

The men are very likeable in this film (Paul Henried & Claude Rains), but the women certainly leave much to be desired - from Henried's miserable wife who we never see, Charlotte's niece June (Bonita Granville) who certainly sickeningly loves to torture her aunt with nasty jibes, and most importantly, Charlotte's tyrannical mother who thinks that being a good mother means controlling everything your adult child feels and does.  Even Jerry's depressed daughter Tina (Janis Wilson) is a mess - suffering from low self-esteem and feelings of isolation.  [Footnote: it was Wilson's first film.]

For many reasons Now, Voyager has stood the test of time as "The Woman's Film."  The story, written by Prouty, has a screen adaptation by Casey Robinson, which leaves amazingly intact much of the original story and actual lines of dialogue.  Irving Rapper directed this wonderful story of a woman suffering serious psychological problems and how she breaks free of her mother's domination to choose her own destiny.

I initially sensed that the story's writer seemed to have studied this situation or went through such an ordeal.  Prouty's writing is keen on women and mental issues. There's an interesting autobiographical element to Now, Voyager. Indeed Prouty was the right person to tell such an unusual story about the mentally ill Charlotte Vale.  She herself was from a fine Boston family and she too herself suffered a mental breakdown as an adult in 1925 after the death of her one-year old infant (She also had an earlier breakdown at the age of twelve).  Prouty went to a sanitarium for recovery where she met two therapists - one of them encouraged her in her writing career.

So Prouty knew what she was writing about when she created Charlotte Vale.  Do you remember the story Stella Dallas?  That too was written by Prouty.  However, she was not too happy with the melodramatic screen and radio adaptations.

The point that seems evident is that Charlotte Vale is not really better off at the bittersweet conclusion than she was at the start....She might still seem to have some issues to work on, depending on how you want to see her decision to play surrogate mother to a married man's child.  However, at least she has finally stood up and chosen her own destiny despite the consequences.  Charlotte is liberated finally....That's what I especially like about Now, Voyager.

In short, Charlotte overcomes her mental problems and becomes a complete person.  She learns to win and assert her independence, first by dumping repressive family ties, and then overcoming those limiting class and gender restrictions which society brainwashes us at an early age to accept as normal and the only sensible way.
 
Charlotte is a character that finally exhibits strong empowerment.  She even achieves her stated goals of having a home (inheriting her tyrannical mother's house), having a child (through being a surrogate caretaker of her "ex-lover's" daughter) and having a man to call her own (via a very non-traditional friendship with a married man). 

Now, Voyager's character of Charlotte Vale is interesting, especially when you consider the time when this story was written.  In achieving her goals in an unusual manner, she frees herself from the repressive upper class stuffiness and patriarchy of the traditional male-dominated, anti-feminine, Western  gender code. 

 The Poseidon Adventure
Though this entry may seem out of place with the other titles mentioned here, this disaster film holds interest throughout with great performances. One of the best from the 1970's.   A star-studded cast all brought Paul Gallico's great disaster tale to life - along with Red Buttons, Shelley Winters, Jack Albertson, Carol Lynley, Roddy McDowall, Stella Stevens, and Leslie Nielsen. Ernest Borgnine. Borgnine offers some good acting, particularly his vivid expressions. He played his part as Detective Mike Rogo to the hilt. There's his memorable closing line, in reference to his adversary, the preacher played by Gene Hackman: "That preacher was right. That beautiful son-of-a-bitch was right!" With rescue from the capsized ship imminent, he looks back, and offers an unforgettable face acknowledging the loss of his wife, Linda (Stevens).  Borgnine received an Emmy nomination for Outstanding Supporting Actor in the final episode of ER in 2009, in which similarly he played a husband who loses his wife.


The Postman Always Rings Twice
Lana Turner & John Garfield plotting murder leads to the inevitable payback in this exciting well-done film noir!


Rashomon
Japanese director  Akira Kurosawa's masterpiece on the subjectivity of truth!


Since You Went Away
David O. Selznick's soapy production of life on the home front during World War II. This lengthy, but tender and touching film has some great work by Claudette Colbert, Jennifer Jones, Joseph Cotten, Robert Walker, Hattie McDaniel, Monty Wooley, Shirley Temple and others.

Spellbound
 Hitchcock's take on psychoanalysis...See my blog post on it.

Star Spangled Rhythm

This offers great vignettes of Paramount Studios talents at their best during World War II! This very entertaining film has every star associated with Paramount Studios...it's unbelievable! There's a good energy about this production. They certainly don't make movies like this anymore! But I must say that even though I enjoy watching the Hollywood stars perform the songs and skits of this era, I certainly would not want to go back to that time (December of 1942) when the horrendous World War II was raging!!! They really weren't the good old days as people like to remember them...I particularly like Bing Crosby's salute to the American flag in the rousing "Old Glory" finale.

There's also beautiful Dona Drake in the suggestive "Swing Shift" number. Then there's the enchanting "A Sweater, A Sarong and A Peek-A-Boo Bang" number with Dorothy Lamour, Paulette Goddard and Veronica Lake. Wow!!!  Particularly amusing is Sterling Holloway in drag spoofing Veronica Lake. Also, there's "That Old Black Magic" with Vera Zorina dancing and Johnny Johnston singing (the latter starred with Shirley in the Broadway musical A Tree Grows in Brooklyn).


Swing Time
The Fred Astaire & Ginger Rogers classic is the best romance of all time. Astaire singing "The Way You Look Tonight" is unforgettable! Though the plot may seem silly and dated sometimes, Swing Time is a truly beautiful romance offering some fine songs and dances with Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers. 

Of special mention is the song "The Way You Look Tonight," which received a well-deserved Academy Award for Best Song of that year. Astaire offers a genuine and heartfelt delivery that no one has topped since. Also, Rogers gaze is never more beautiful than with her lathered hair. There's the brilliant lyrics by Dorothy Fields that can melt any one's heart. There's the superb music composed by Jerome Kern that caused lyricist Dorothy Fields to cry when she first heard the release part of the song. Finally, there's the perfectly selected shots that best convey a truly memorable scene in this film. 

Of the many, many thousands of hours I have spent in over forty years of watching and and studying films, that scene has to be in my top ten of all time. Truly one of my desert island film clips! The best romance any day is SWING TIME! !
 
The Tingler
Another of the entertaining Vincent Price and William Castle collaborations that holds up extremely well!


The Time of Their Lives
The only other Abbott & Costello film with them not playing as a team - this ghost story is a period piece set during the American Revolution...


Tokyo Story
This is a true masterpiece from my favorite Japanese director, Yasujiro Ozu.  The family story may seem primitive and unimportant, but it offers a poignancy that says much about life itself.


The Treasure of the Sierra Madre
Humphrey Bogart, Walter Huston & Tim Holt in this John Huston-directed tale of greed is unsurpassed!

The Trouble With Angels
Just watching Rosalind Russell superbly playing a nun is enough - but add in the comedy hi-jinks of June Harding and Hayley Mills - and you have a really fun film!
 
Vertigo
Alfred Hitchcock's best film has a dreamlike mystique to it....could write a book about this one.

 
Way Out West
Laurel & Hardy at their best in the Old West!

 
White Heat
James Cagney plays a despicable character reaching for the top of the world! There's many moments of mention, especially unforgettable is the finale!

 
The Wistful Widow of Wagon Gap
Abbott & Costello in the Old West - a funny concept. God help us!

 
Wuthering Heights

Laurence Olivier & Merle Oberon under the direction of William Wyler bring tears home by the finale in this masterpiece! It's one of my favorites from the Golden Age of Hollywood. The film had its share of production problems, especially clashes between the actors and with Wyler. Nevertheless, the result is a masterpiece.

The sad ending of Cathy's death scene with Heathcliff begging her forgiveness is truly unforgettable, and a tribute to two skilled actors. This production's finale shows the two ghosts of Cathy and Heathcliff walking off in the snow covering Penniston Craig. Although this is not found in the book (and allegedly distorts Bronte's characterization of Cathy), I find it works quite well in concluding the portion of the sprawling novel that the film focuses on. Supposedly Goldwyn insisted on it - but Wyler hated it and refused to shoot it.  But I just love it! 

There's some good cinematography by the master Gregg Toland, a fine score by Alfred Newman, and a good supporting cast including (the great silent film actor/director Donald Crisp, David Niven, Flora Robson, Leo G. Carroll, and Geraldine Fitzgerald). THIS IS A MUST-SEE FILM!

Recently, I spoke to a librarian about the book that this story is based upon.  She  said she did not like it because she couldn't believe that Cathy is endearing enough to make these men go to the lengths they do to be with her.  What do you think?

Yankee Doodle Dandy
First, there's the perfectly cast James Cagney as George M. Cohan in this You don't want to skip this must-see film!  Cagney (July 17, 1899 - March 30, 1986.) stands in a class all by himself. He has given us so many great and memorable films, including my favorites; Angels With Dirty Faces, Yankee Doodle Dandy, City for Conquest, White Heat, and Man of a Thousand Faces.

I remember my father's excitement when they would run marathon evenings of Cagney's films on New York local broadcast television. Those days are long gone now....


*****

This next film stands alone as it is not fictional.


Night and Fog (original French title: Nuit et Brouillard)
This extremely disturbing indictment to ignorance and inhumanity offers brilliant editing, expressive commentary, and chilling music to make it a heartbreaking and horrific film essay on the the Nazi tormentors and the Holocaust.  I would rank it among the top ten films of all time. Though he was a dedicated filmmaker, Resnais never wanted to make this film. He did it because he was asked to make it. 

It took courage to see this project through and make a film that profoundly disturbs us as it does. In fact I would dare to say that Night and Fog is the most disturbing film ever made! I wish what he depicted is just an imaginary place and time - but unfortunately it is not. This film is an amazingly perfect and brilliant blend of color images of the present and very barren Nazi camp at Auschwitz and Majdanek in 1955 with archival black & white Nazi & Allied footage before, during and after the camps were in full operation ten years before this film was made. It attempts to understand and make sense of the past and present; it studies memory and denial - a theme omnipresent in Resnais' later features, especially Hiroshima, Mon Amour

Resnais, who had experience as a film editor, skillfully created a montage of images cut to Hanns Eisler's unforgettable score (which stands on its own). The narration is written by Jean Cayrol, a survivor from the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp in Austria, known for being designed for political enemies of the Third Reich. 

Not one to sensationalize, Resnais saved to the final few minutes the most ominous images of atrocities. They are nauseating, deadening and riveting, and I will not even describe them in this blog. But I will say that if there ever was a truly sad film that has to generate tears because it's history and not fiction - then it's Night and Fog

Resnais' impact with this one film is that we can never forget how truly low humanity can stoop and to remind us of the unimaginable sufferings that were inflicted on millions of people and the awareness that this can happen again! With denials from everyone involved, the film concludes, asking: “ Then who is responsible?"
 
*****

THANKS FOR VISITING!
 
JOIN ME AGAIN SOON!

*****

For Bill, His Pinup Girl: The Shirley Booth & Bill Baker Story
by Jim Manago

Foreword by Leslie Sodaro

Published December 1, 2010